billhulbert

Nr tdd throughput calculator


6. LTE-TDD GPS Issues (UL RSSI or EXT Issues impact and remedies) U900 Layer added and 60% CS traffic shifted to 3G Layer HS/Eul Throughput Enhancement projects Trial of new RF features with pre/post reports Technical workshops to customer for knowledge sharing . Control  9 Oct 2017 control, TDD, bandwidth etc. 306 for the maximum theoretical throughput computation. Jun 07, 2017 · Carrier aggregation is supported by both formats of LTE, namely the FDD and TDD variants. The different LTE frequency allocations or LTE frequency bands are allocated numbers. Dec 18, 2017 · 5G NR must meet an expanding and radically diverse set of connectivity requirements and deployment types. 3GPP is developing radio access technologies NR, LTE-M and NB-IoT that together are expected to meet all requirements. It's not all that difficult, but it's kind of a pain. TDD. S-SS is present in the last symbol of slots 1 and 11 in every frame. NR;. Learn about 5G, AI, automation, data visualization, how to get data insights, and more with our complimentary resources 5G NR DL & UL Signal Generation and Analysis 10 Fig. Throughput = 75376 * 1000 = 75. 1 MIMO Check LTE Category 18 downlink and uplink physical layer parameter values, LTE Cat18 devices upload and download data rate speed, QAM applications and LTE Cat18 UE model list, including LTE Cat18 4G mobile WiFi hotspot, LTE Cat18 WiFi Router, Cat18 LTE Phone and LTE Cat18 Embedded Cellular Module. In antenna measurements, the measured radiated power in a single direction (that is, for a fixed and ) is known as the EIRP. 2-1. Figure 1. Throughput Calculator will check that valid numbers are entered in the text fields. NG-RAN – E-UTRA Dual Connectivity. 1. 213, table 7. A 5G provider wants to maximize distance, minimize problems, and get as much throughput as possible. Nov 11, 2016 · CableFree Planning Tools for 4G LTE Networks CableFree LTE Base Station CableFree offers a complete range of planning tools to support customers using CableFree LTE Base Station, Core Network and CPE devices, to aid 4G Deployments. g. , for URLLC traffic), while lower SCS is better for high throughput performance (i. 2. All 5G bands above 3 GHz – including the vital 3. com Throughput estimation is not easy and not as simple as can be calculated by a simple I found a couple of examples of the max throughput calculator as listed below. 2 Feb 2014 ii) I (UE) wants to get the data with this-and-that transport block size, which in turn can be directly converted into throughput. comwww. SINR is used a lot by operators, and the LTE industry in general, as it better quantifies the relationship between RF conditions and Throughput. E. LTE Throughput Calculator . FFT . The calculation of load is based on the BSRs. 104 chapter 5. NR. Analyze network parameters and audit configuration setting via dashboards, maps, and user configurable reports. 674 Gbps May 05, 2019 · 5G NR Throughput Calculator So far I’ve always made a quick and approximate calculation when somebody asked me what the theoretical peak data rate of 5G NR would be for a given bandwidth. Maximum UE power. 4. 8:2. See full list on weibull. The maximum data rate depends on channel bandwidth. 211, 38. Check the modulation rate and capacity indicators for asymmetry. 211,36. sharetechnote. • 2 test devices and test methods were used for testing the speed of 5G network. Peak Site Capacity Mar 28, 2019 · In the scenario without C-Band TDD LTE, a 3:1 or 4:1 configuration can be used. Written Excel based calculator for TDD-LTE and FDD-LTE Throughput for CAT 3 UE, CAT 4 UE, RACH calculator, SRS Calculator, CQI Calculator, TDD HARQ Calculator based on LTE Spec 36. Use this calculator to calculate LTE throughput, and carrier aggregation Throughput. 1-1, Table 7. Scalable NR Numerology • NR supports scalable numerology to address different spectrum, bandwidth, deployment and services • Sub-carrier spacing (SCS) of 15, 30, 60, 120 kHz is supported for data channels • 2n scaling of SCS allows for efficient FFT processing BW (e. 6 GHz TDD(8TRX, 20MHz)Vs. ~115Mbps at 20MHz carrier. e. Despite actually running into the 7 GHz band, FR1 continues to be commonly referred to as the "Sub-6 GHz" band. 2 MIMO and Beamforming Technologies 2. One test item is to compare 4G and 5G UL throughput within the  Carrier aggregation can be used for both FDD and TDD, see figure 1 for an example where FDD is used. In TDD-LTE, the delay between transmission and the HARQ ACK/NACK depends on both the TDD configuration and the subframe in which the data was transmitted. Channel bandwidth: 10 MHz; Duplexing mode: TDD; To optimize throughput with maximum frequency reuse: Aim the AF5 using the factory default settings and TDD. reliability, throughput, spectral efficiency and energy efficiency compared with the traditional multiuser With TDD mode, the downlink capacity of a massive MIMO system in each cell can be models simply the calculation by the number of rays considered, e. Sectors/Cells. 11ac systems and has been optimized for current Wi-Fi access point and client solutions. It is shown that significant gains in packet throughput are achieved by using dynamic TDD over the synchronous Once the Random Access procedure is successfully completed, next is RRC connection establishment procedure which configures SRB1 for UE and let UE inform the network what exactly it wants i. Here’s an example with nn226611n261 27500 MHz 27500 MHz ––––28350 MHz28350 MHz28350 MHz TDD TTDDDDTDD NR operating bands in FR1 Maximum of 100 MHz channel bandwidth NR operating bands in FR2 Maximum of 400 MHz channel bandwidth Source: 3GPP TS 38. 2-10: Signal description configuration window in the 5G NR mode on the FSW ı Signal description settings is in Fig. 18 Jul 2019 NGEN-. Link bandwidth (Mbit/s): LTE PDSCH allocation calculator. There are two types of frame structure in the LTE standard, Type 1 and Type 2. Table 4. If you just take a look at the picture, you would think it is almost identical to LTE resource grid. The delay tables have been fixed by the standard for different implementations of HARQ in TDD and the delay is expected to follow the description given for the respective cases. Please check with your carrier / provider before purchasing this item. The LTE air interface exploits both time division duplex (TDD) and frequency division duplex (FDD) modes to support unpaired and paired spectra. ? So bare with me on these rough estimates. , Ltd. The formula used in 5G NR throughput (i. 5G;. (formerly JDSU) TB5800V2-100GE-DP Network Test / Ethernet Test Sets at TRS-RenTelco with 365 day customer support. Oct 17, 2018 · lte resources & throughput calculator If this is your first visit, be sure to check out the FAQ by clicking the link above. 25² x 74. MIMO utilizes multiple antennas at the transmitter NR deployments can happen in the same band as LTE. 2 Mbps. A subnet is division of an IP network (internet protocol suite), where an IP network is a set of communications protocols used on the Internet and other similar networks. user throughput in 4G and it will be just as important for 5G. Apr 09, 2020 · For example, TM3. . It is not reported to the network. This white paper describes the available ten downlink and two uplink transmission modes (TM) in LTE as specified in 3GPP Release 12, as well as how beamforming is used in LTE. May 23, 2019 · Based on 3GPP TS 38. 5 GHz range and mmWave bands – will adopt TDD. 100 MHz) BW (e. LTE bands explained. Calculated as: 1 minus number of Slots for DL default value: 0. 57 x 1. MIMO utilizes multiple antennas at the transmitter LTE also defines beamforming. The primary reason for computing this value is to get a rough estimate about the upper bound on the throughput that the system can provide. 3. FDD, and LTE bands between 33 & 41 are for unpaired spectrum, i. In LTE, the duplex switching happens in special subframes. Using Sep 11, 2018 · Rent, lease or buy the Viavi Solutions Inc. This tool is useful for 3gpp developers and testers. Aspects like the number of carriers, subcarrier spacing, modulation scheme and a number of other parameters. 8. 3bt Power over Ethernet (PoE) standard can open the door to powering almost any Ethernet device with a single Ethernet cable. Pros : This metric can be used by management to assess the progress of a test automation initiative. So the effective throughput will be 300 Mbps. NR slot structure allows for dynamic assignment of the link direction in each OFDM symbol within the slot. This tutorial explains how LTE downlink maximum throughput is determined. 7. NSA TDD. 8 GHz LTE FDD(4Rx)-107dbm Uplink throughput(Mbps) vs. 182 lb x 3 = 546 lb —NR is based on conventional OFDM in UL and DL — UL also supports DFTS-OFDM to improve coverage —NR has higher spectrum utilization than LTE, especially for wider bandwidth — Around 94 % to 99 % —A carrier can operate with one or multiple numerologies — A UE supports at any given time only one numerology but can be switched between them Oct 17, 2018 · lte resources & throughput calculator If this is your first visit, be sure to check out the FAQ by clicking the link above. DC. But there is a more scientific way to do this as 3GPP has put a formula together to include all relevant factors in the calculation. Subcarrier  28 Nov 2017 This article "LTE Throughput Optimization: Part 2 - Spectral In FDD networks, it is better to ensure that time synchronization is not 5G NR | VoLTE | LTE-A | Massive MIMO | NB-IoT | NDO Network Specialist at Ericsson, Australia for throughput calculation, well it goes well if we have normal TDD cell,  28 Nov 2017 This article "LTE Throughput Optimization: Part 2 - Spectral In FDD networks, it is better to ensure that time synchronization is not 5G NR | VoLTE | LTE-A | Massive MIMO | NB-IoT | NDO Network Specialist at Ericsson, Australia for throughput calculation, well it goes well if we have normal TDD cell,  sensitive and demanding on bandwidth, but may offer improved radio Sync – 5G is primarily TDD-based with tight sync requirements, even for classic cell. Attach, Service Request, Tracking area update etc. TP to TS 38. 0. For 4G CA in 5G new radio (NR) will provide multi-connectivity with asymmetric upload and download, For more CA help, try our 2 and 3 CA calculators on Qorvo's Design Hub:. 5g-tools. 942 V10. -Verification of Link Adaptation and MAC Scheduler algorithm. An Excel Macro can be downloaded to read and format the data. 2-2 in TS 38. 32T32R 32T32R. This ensures that processing complexity does not increase but also retains time alignment of slots and symbols to support TDD networks. 5. 83 μs Modulation order: M. throughput calculator excel Below are explanations of the LTE signal strength values (and also RSSI in relation to LTE): SINR/SNR – The signal-to-noise ratio of the given signal. Changing Jul 05, 2019 · 5G Frequency / NR Frequency (MHz) : 5G ARFCN / NR ARFCN Calculation The parameters used for 5G ARFCN / NR ARFCN are different based on the frequency range. As […] From the performance analysis and numerical evaluations, we demonstrate that the proposed CAST scheme achieves a significant reduction in access latency over the 4G LTE-TDD and 5G NR-TDD systems. 104-5. See TDD DL/UL Common Configuration page. In relation, the unit of information storage is the byte. So many times, someone tells me that say, it took them 32 hours to transfer a 3TB file, or they ask me how long it will take to copy a 2TB file over the WAN, and I have to figure out how many Mb/sec that all translates to. Other than the test model, you also need to select the signal bandwidth (based on the Table 5. Uplink users transmit subframes, random-access requests (PRACH) and SRS during the UpPTS section of the special subframe. Type 1 uses Frequency Division Duplexing (uplink and downlink separated by frequency), and TDD uses Time Division Duplexing (uplink and downlink separated in time). Please ensure local area network is compatible. initial throughput is multiplied by 2 or 4 either MIMO 2x2 or MIMO 4x4 selected, respectively. Most of the listed rates are theoretical maximum throughput measures; in practice, the actual effective throughput is almost inevitably lower in proportion to the load from other devices (network/bus contention), physical or temporal distances, and other overhead in data link layer protocols etc. NR: Dl,FDD,1carriers, MIMO 2×2,64QAM,Scaling factor:1,BW:20MHz FR1 µ:15kHz (106 PRB),Rmax=0. NR = 182 lb reactive force. -Verification of KPI and MTBF. عرض المزيد عرض أقل Theoretical Throughput Calculation of FDD 5G New Radio (NR) Right now it's only in the video form but will hopefully be available as a tool on his excellent website here . 101-1 Figure 5. Сalculator allows to calculate the maximum throughput of 5G NR network for DL ( downlink) and UL Update2: Update TDD Mode: Symbols allocations at Slot. Note that invalid entries will be ignored […] • Average throughput or spectral efficiency versus average SINR table (link level result) For urban channel model and a fixed inter-site distance of 1732m,downlink throughput for LTE for different values of SINR is shown below. There are NR-TDD-1 configuration assumes 15 kHz subcarrier spacing and  25 Dec 2017 5G slots support symbol level TDD formats. 5G NR frequency band parameters summary. 4g-speed. 100 (per 100 Mhz) 100 (per 20 Mhz) Length of Radio Frame. The increasing asymmetric demand for downlink data has also resulted. UE throughput that can be extracted from the 5G system will be  Hi, it is available on this link NR-ARFCN calculator Regards, LG can try with nr_pdsch. 400 MHz) 15 TDD throughputs are lower than equivalent FDD throughput because in TDD we use unpaired spectrum (single RF carrier), while FDD has paired spectrum (separate uplink and downlink RF carriers) CONCLUSION . Beamforming is particularly important for the time division duplex (TDD) mode in LTE. In LTE these is 25% of overhead for Controlling and signalling like Reference Signal, PSS,SSS and PBCH etc. Features : - DL/UL Earfcn Calculator - DL/UL Frequency Calculator - Display Download & Upload RSRP and RSRQ Measurement in LTE. But you won’t find a phone able to make use of 5G until at least 2019. LTE Physical Layer Overview. TDD . Sep 17, 2015 · PRB dimensioning is becoming increasingly critical, and complex, in today’s LTE networks due to the number of new data-intensive services and bandwidth limitations. Modulation bits / symbol (8 for 256QAM, 6 for 64QAM) , 2. The simulator is the natural evolution of LENA, the LTE/EPC Network Simulator, but its development started from the mmWave module because it was more advanced in terms of beamforming, TDD, 3GPP channel models for above 6 GHz bands, and wide bandwidth operation. LTE carrier aggregation basics. This means base stations and end-user devices on TDD networks transmit using the same channel at different times. ARFCN (Absolute Radio Frequency Channel Number) – An ARFCN defines a pair of Radio frequency channel frequencies for uplink and downlink use. So the formula for calculating maximum data rate at physical layer is: (Number of subcarriers X 6) / 71. LTE Throughput Optimization is one of the most frequently discussed topic. Scaling Factor (from 0 to 1) In this calculator you can use it to introduce the DL/UL factor based on slot format as well as BLER of the scheduler to get a closer to practical limit , 3. The 5G NR Throughput Calculator is developed as per 3GPP TS 38. 337 Gbps (or 2337 Mbps) Note: Verify, by varying J, we can get 5G NR throughput of 4. 31 May 2019 5G NR Throughput Calculator But that's for an FDD system, band n78 is TDD and the channel is thus shared between uplink and downlink. 8. User Equipment (UE) radio transmission and reception; 37. With the default "minimum pipe length" setting, the calculator will display a value of "[pipe] × 7 ≤ 47. The target figures for data throughput in the downlink is 1 Gbps for 4G LTE Advanced. To narrow the scope, this paper will focus on essential aspects of the physical layer for FDD mode which is the dominant mode of operation and selected by Jan 09, 2014 · Example of 802. The top button translates a Frequency in Mhz into a NR ARFCN. 4 x 100 MHz. If the system is a spatial multiplexing mimo system with number of antennas N=Nt=Nr for the transmission and reception , then the bit rte will be increased by a factor N so that rb for mimo= N B Reference Signal Received Power or with abbreviated version RSRP is linear averaged signal strength of Reference Signal. This parameter is taken with some inaccuracy, i. The IMNOS platform consolidates DAS, micro-cell, pico Lte bands sqimway ; Lte bands sqimway 5G NR frequency bands - Wikipedi . With an adjacent LTE TDD carrier, NR must adopt the same uplink/downlink switching pattern as the LTE TDD does. Every numerology where (an integer multiple of) a subframe is 1 ms can be aligned with regular subframes in LTE. OFDM. Using this calculator, you can determine what your WAN speed calculation will be between different locations. co. 101,38. SPLIT MODE. Since there are maximum 64 preambles sequences available, others could be reserved by eNB for Non-Contention based random access. 2Gbps. It is equivalent of CPICH Power in WCDMA. In telecommunication, Long-Term Evolution (LTE) is a standard for wireless broadband communication for mobile devices and data terminals, based on the GSM/EDGE and UMTS/HSPA technologies. Demystifying 5G - 5G NR throughput testing, dynamic scheduling and power control. 5G-NR : Throughput Calculation Approximately data transfer rate of 5G NR can be calculated using the Use this calculator to calculate LTE throughput, and carrier aggregation Throughput. Recovery for Nov 16, 2018 · Throughput time is the measure of a specific process’s rate from start to finish. 692 Sub-carrier spacing 120 kHz OFDM symbol duration: t. The frequency of radio waves carrying mobile communications is commonly expressed by a single number measured in megahertz (MHz). Features : - DL/UL Earfcn Calculator - DL/UL Frequency Calculator - Display Download & Upload TDD In TDD mode occupy the same frequency spectrum but are separated in time for uplink and downlink transmissions . Meanwhile, other networks and equipment manufacturers have been Learn about 5G, AI, automation, data visualization, how to get data insights, and more with our complimentary resources LTE-A Pro/LTE-A/LTE. 64T64R. Calculator doesn't work without Javascript. TDD LTE bands : TDD transmissions only require a single band and in this way paired spectrum is not needed. Dec 02, 2019 · The launch of the first nationwide 5G networks shows that 5G isn't always about speed and that compromises in the early days of this technology do exist. That’s true even now in the early stages and will become even more so as 5G develops over time and becomes ‘standalone’ rather than relying on a combination of 4G and 5G infrastructure. 306, 38. The spectral efficiency is simply the number of bits transmitted over a frequency bandwidth in a specific time and is measured in bits/s/Hz. Data throughput and dynamic scheduling are important parameters for 5G devices and require thorough testing during design phase. sqimway. Nozzle reaction x Factor Of Safety of 2 to 3. 5MHz, 18MHz Many bands allow only a subset of the six possible BW cases Early deployment BW cases: Most common: 5MHz and 10MHz Least common: 1. 5 GHz NR 3D-MIMO 1. 5G NR-5G-FDD 1800 MHz (n3) 5G-FDD 2100 MHz (n1) 5G-TDD 2500 MHz (n41) 5G-TDD 3500 MHz (n78 5G-TDD 4700 MHz (n79) Mobile network technologies and bandwidth Communication between devices within mobile networks is realized via various generations of network technologies, which provide China Wholesale Original Smart Phone Xiaeomi 10 PRO 12GB / 512GB 8-Core Processor 5g Mobile Phone Without Unlocking Dual Card Dual Standby Cell Phone, Find details about China Smart Phone, Xiaeomi 10 PRO from Wholesale Original Smart Phone Xiaeomi 10 PRO 12GB / 512GB 8-Core Processor 5g Mobile Phone Without Unlocking Dual Card Dual Standby Cell Phone - Xiamen Sosenkai Trading Co. 256 QAM) V layer, Number of layers = 4 F, Scaling Factor = 1 µ, 5G NR Numerology = 1 Number of PRBs = 273 OH (Overhead) = 0. An online Noise Rating - NR - Calculator Engineering ToolBox - Resources, Tools and Basic Information for Engineering and Design of Technical Applications! - search is the most efficient way to navigate the Engineering ToolBox! This article "LTE Throughput Optimization: Part 2 - Spectral Efficiency" explains data part (PDSCH) of the LTE subframe and discusses various ways to improve its efficiency. 8192 Occupied sub-carriers 7500 Guard band subcarriers: : N. 2-1 and 5. 1-1. FDD & TDD FDD Pair spectrum. This is a simple and straightforward formula for data rate calculation. 5 GHz NR (16R with 20% UL ratio). Throughput definition . 4 kb/s for 3 RB allocations. The main 5G NR physical channels used for Uplink communication are the Physical uplink shared channel (PUSCH), the physical uplink control channel (PUCCH), and the Physical Random Access Channel (PRACH). PHS, TD-SCDMA Switch. 15 May 2018 5G New Radio (NR) : Physical Layer Overview and Performance Support both FDD and TDD. The resource grid for NR is defined as follows. Throughput Comparison calculate user plane latency. operation (FDD/TDD) and different downlink and uplink access technologies (OFDMA, SC-FDMA), along with options and exceptions for each mode and access technology. System TDD OFDM Waveform OFDM Link adaptation BPSK, QPSK, 16QAM, 64QAM, 256QAM System bandwidth: B . This solution doubles throughput, range, and efficiency for high-performance 802. imported from 3GU: R4‑1812589: TDD configuration for NR BS demodulation: NTT DOCOMO, INC. 5GHz 5G NR is limited at PUSCH with the 5G NR control channel enhancements. 4 bps/Hz 2 Comparing Gigabit LTE using 50 MHz spectrum with an initial 5G-NR mmWave deployment using 800 MHz spectrum and 7:1 DL -UL configuration and 10% 5G NR capable device penetration Here's a throughput and transfer time calculator. DL/UL Split Ratio. Technical Specification. TS. © 2006 Texas Instruments Inc, Slide 1 RF Basics, RF for Non-RF Engineers Dag Grini Program Manager, Low Power Wireless Texas Instruments Enterprise solution to elevate your view. Not only simulation parameters that were free to choose within the full LTE-A speci cation, such as channel model, Jun 01, 2015 · Have you ever wondered just "how" OFDM subcarriers are able to be spaced so tightly together without any guard band in-between? Most Wi-Fi textbooks will simply state that the spacing of the subcarriers allows the harmonics to overlap, thus canceling out any interference. Feb 07, 2019 · 3GPP TS “Max data rate without ue-CategoryDL and ue-CategoryUL” 5G theoretical throughput calculation explained with an example. 213, 38. antenna ports 0,1,2 and 3 so the throughput are less than double and quadruple than the single antenna case. Once we want to go to 40mega bandwith, knowing that power is fixed always 8*16watt. 99 Throughput Calculation for LTE TDD and FDD Systems Jay Chang 2. So, I have decided to write about the various aspects which can help in LTE throughput optimization. New Radio. TDD Un-pair spectrum. R1. This page mentions 5G NR calculator. 10, 20 MHz) BW (e. RSRP – The average power received from a single Reference signal, and Its typical range is around -44dbm (good) to -140dbm(bad). Part of the Slots allocated for UL in TDD mode, where 1 = 100% of Slots (3GPP 38. We also have served nearly 5000+ students from 120+ countries in a short period of time [7 years]. host-ed. Original code from Github. Still, there are benefits to be had. Explanation. 24dBm [6] Minimum UE power-30dBm [3] Noise Figure* 9dB [4] Table 4. Sometimes these are specified differently according to the frequency of the 5G NR signal. 5G cell throughput. Jul 11, 2017 · To solve the latency problem and archiving high data throughput, 5G network use short TTI dynamic TDD frame structure. LTE has been developed to operate on paired spectrum for Frequency Division Duplex (FDD), and TDD LTE Frequency Bands. 1 FR1), and mmWave (3GPP 38. FR1 TDD ( Time Division Duplex) Frequency Bands for 5G-New Radio  As the demand for throughput, improved user experience and ubiquitous 5G NR will not only be deployed in TDD bands, but also in mmWave and <3 GHz  12 Dec 2019 To properly measure the entire 5G NR air interface, 5G UE needs to be The formula below determines the calculation for 5G throughput. RSRP 2. May 20, 2020 · 5G NR maximum IP data throughput tests of 2 Gbps. 3. Therefore, make sure the chosen detector provides good accuracy across the full RF frequency range. pewscorner. RSRP and RSRQ are key measures of signal level and quality for modern LTE networks. 4. In cellular networks, when a mobile moves from cell to cell and performs cell selection/reselection and handover, it has to measure the signal strength/quality of the neighbor cells. Mod . ACI. Parameter. 1-1 and Table 7. 213, taking into account Flexible slots). Currently the LTE bands between 1 & 22 are for paired spectrum, i. 19 Nov 2019 In fact, this one difference in the 5G NR (New Radio) standard is probably Many of the first wireless applications had very small bandwidth  LTE Physical layer deals with parameters like frequency, bandwidth, Modulation, cyclic prefix, coding rate which plays importance in calculation of the throughput. Long Term. 5G NR traffic channels are encoded using the LDPC (Low Density Parity Check) coding. In case of both TDD and FDD, Physical Downlink Shared Channel (PDSCH) is used to transfer application data and throughput. 376*2 = 150. Reference subcarrier spacing to calculate the number of slots in the DL-UL pattern. RAN1 agreed to a maximum channel bandwidth of 400 MHz in Release 15, but the following are listed for further 3x20 MHz LTE + 60 MHz 5G NR. uk/4g 5G NR Throughput calculator Refer 5G NR Throughput calculator >> which mentions example of how to enter various input parameters and calculate 5G NR throughput as defined in 3GPP 38 series of documents (3GPP TS 38. Apr 11, 2018 · Mini-slots are not only useful for low-latency applications, but they also play an important role in LTE-NR coexistence and beamforming. A tool for 4G throughput calculation is available here . It is often used in production, where professionals monitor how long it takes to manufacture an item from a specific start point to its designated end. Mar 05, 2020 · 5G is also the first major rollout of Time Division Duplex (TDD) cellular networks in most countries. The formula for 5G NR ARFCN is described in 3GPP TS 38. php, and then apply a percentage of BLER to the max throughput For example, NR band n79 (4400-5000 MHZ) - should it be TDD 4500, as you wrote,   5G NR standardisation and deployment timeframes . This value are after considering overhead considering FDD duplexing mode with different transmission modes and referred from 3GPP document 36. Duplexer. Carrier Aggregation (FDD); The LTE-Advanced UE can be allocated DL and UL resources on the aggregated resource consisting of two or more Component Carriers (CC), the R8/R9 UEs can be allocated resources on any ONE of the CCs. Request a quote for calibrated test equipment today. You should use “5G NR THROUGHPUT CALCULATOR” to get Throughput per Cell then 1 base station Throughput= 3*cell1 Throughput +3*cell2 Throughput 1 base station Throughput = 3*742(BW:50MHz FR1 µ:15kHz) +3*1386(BW:100MHz FR2 µ:120kHz) = 6384 Mbps Regards Example: 5G NR Throughput calculator Inputs: J (Number of CCs) =1, Qm, modulation order = 8 (i. Resource grid; DCI decoder; PDSCH allocation calculator; Scripts retrieved from an archive of www. Note. So VZW is 115Mbps x5 (for 100MHz) x 9 (for 900MHz) mmWave is 2x2 MIMO. As LTE uses different channel bandwidths both for FDD and TDD. 3x20 MHz LTE + 100 MHz 5G NR. 5gawareness. The tool also quantifies throughput for each modulation scheme and a range of assumed coding rates. 182 lb x 2 = 364 lb. 60 MHz. 6: E-UTRA FDD and E-UTRA TDD reference base station parameters. 7 Feb 2019 3GPP TS “Max data rate without ue-CategoryDL and ue-CategoryUL” 5G theoretical throughput calculation explained with an example. MIMO may be also optionally deployed in eNodeB andthe /or UE in order to enhance link quality and to increase data rates/throughputs. 57 x 10-5 (Internally calculated) Output: 2. LTE. NR therefore has a fast Fourier transform (FFT) size with a basic sub-carrier spacing of 15kHz but which scales with the channel bandwidth or application in multiples of 2. It is commonly known as TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol). 0 (201012)] Max Tx Power [3] Guidelines for evaluation of radio interface 5G NR N78 TDD: 50MHz; 256 QAM; MIMO2x2; µ:15kHz: 496Mbps In cazul Digi Iasi NSA: DL 5G NSA = DL LTE B1 + DL NR N78 deci 1 Giga bun sau 600Mbps cu MIMO2x2 in 5G. Our Complete Toolset for Planning LTE Networks includes: LTE Capacity Planning LTE Network Dimensioning LTE Throughput Calculators LTE Coverage Tools […] Anritsu, as a cutting-edge company in the ICT services industry, is operating its test and measurement business globally to support the building of the next generation of networks. gNB: • support full Downlink (800MHz): Mean & Cell Edge Throughput (Non Ideal RX). NR frequency band Moved to www. 24 Jun 2019 5G NR. 08MHz, 2. NR TDD Symbol Based Scheduling Performance Evaluation is evaluated in terms of achieved MAC throughput and the fairness in resource sharing. This type of hard drive is designed specifically for security systems. Configure the AF5 for FDD operation. The middle 72 subcarriers in these symbols are reserved for P-SS and S-SS, but only the center 62 subcarriers are used so that sync signals are more recognizable (easier to cross correlate). FDD. com. 2 of 3GPP TS 38. 4:1. The performance of dynamic adaptation of UL and DL in LTE picocell systems is also analyzed in [7]. When dimensioning a network, planners need to do two things well: 1) forecast traffic and 2) define QoS targets. 8×4= 403. Theoretical Throughput Calculation of FDD 5G New Radio (NR) Right now it's only in the video form but will hopefully be available as a tool on his excellent website here . 1:1. Mid Term. The growing complexity of wireless networks require an integrated platform to understand performance issues, optimize across all network layers, and plan for a seamless user experience. click here for network frequency of your country. (2x 10 MHz bandwidth) was used as the anchoring carrier of 5G NR. You may have to register before you can post: click the register link above to proceed. Related Bandwidth Calculator | Binary Calculator. To obtain the correct result, it is necessary to enter such important parameters as Factors limiting actual performance, criteria for real decisions. The MS2850A or MS269xA Signal Analyzer enables high-speed, high-accuracy, and simple measurements of transmission characteristics of base stations and mobile stations for various mobile communications types. If service model is symmetric (50:50) or almost same for downloadand upload, operator may use TDD config 1 or TDD config 3. Allow the AF5 to automatically rate-adapt. Resource Grid . 5G NR also needs to get the most out of every bit of spectrum across a wide array of available spectrum regulatory paradigms and bands — from low bands below 1 GHz, to mid bands from 1 GHz to 10 GHz, to high bands above 24 GHz loosely The amount of throughput you can utilize with a single data stream is determined by your total bandwidth available, the latency of the data path and the packet loss. LTE throughput calculator Example Let's assume there is a single UE, 20 MHz bandwidth and ideal radio conditions (to get peak throughput), then Number of RBs = 100 MCS Index = 28 and TBS Index = 26 Based on that TBS = 75376 bits. You may notice significant asymmetry. LTE (FDD) downlink and uplink peak data rates. Value. 4G Speed Calculator. MX285051A/MX269051A 5G Standard Measurement Software (Base License) Operation Manual. 101-2, 38. me (3GPP Rel-8) WARNING: Scripts must be enabled in your browser for this page to work properly! 5G-NR # of sectors simulated 95% 100x Outdoor coverage1 10x Increase in capacity 2 Improvement in throughput 233 Mbps Median burst rate2 1 Cell edge defined as 0. 211). The ones that I could find were often complex to use, requiring you to have expert knowledge of how LTE works. SA & NSA modes; SA Option2, NSA Option3 / 3a / 3x, NR TDD Band, NR FDD Band, DSS, NR DL 2CC, 100 MHz bandwidth, 4x4 MIMO, 256QAM NR UL 2CC, 256QAM VoNR / EPS fallback Wi-Fi Antenna: 2T2R The LTE air interface exploits both time division duplex (TDD) and frequency division duplex (FDD) modes to support unpaired and paired spectra. The completion of the first 5G NR standa. True Release 16 (Spec is UCC for this Release) Latest Remark: Meetings Version Upload date Comment ; RAN For TDD, P-SS is present in the third symbol in slots 2 and 12 in every frame. 213 the uplink / downlink configuration of the channel is contained in the tdd-UL-DL-ConfigurationCommon information element. A webapp for 5G NR Throughput/ARFCN/GSCN/SSREF/CCE calculators, cheatsheet, quizzes, articles and more. 5G/NR - Max Throughput Estimation Home : www. 5G NR Throughput Calculator So far I’ve always made a quick and approximate calculation when somebody asked me what the theoretical peak data rate of 5G NR would be for a given bandwidth. Gives theoretical speeds for 4G from given parameters (MiMo, Modulation, Bandwith) The formula for nozzle reaction (NR) for sloid bore nozzles is NR = 1. Near Term. FDD The uplink FDD frame contains only uplink user transmissions and is same length as the downlink frame. co 5G rollout in new spectrum is now a reality with several operators around the world actively supporting cellular communication with 100MHz of bandwidth or more in new bands n41, n77, n78 and n79. In this video, the R&S®CMX500 establishes an LTE anchor cell and a 5G NR TDD cell, configured with 4x4 MIMO and modulation of DL 256QAM to achieve a maximum data end-to-end throughput of 2 Gbps on IP layer using TCP data with a Qualcomm Snapdragon X55 modem. Noise Rating - NR - Online Calculator - An online Noise Rating - NR - Calculator; NR - Noise Rating Curve - An introduction to the Noise Rating - NR - Curve developed by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) PNC - Preferred Noise Criterion - Noise measurement system for continuous or ambient noise in indoor environments LTE PDSCH Allocation Calculator (3GPP Rel-8) WARNING: If this text is still visible when the page is fully loaded, scripts are disabled in your browser and this page will not work properly! Security NVR and DVR Hard Drive Calculator. 211) Compared with LTE, NR has the following slot format features: – Downlink, denoted as D, for downlink transmission – Flexibility: symbol-level uplink/downlink adaptation in EIRP is Effective Isotropic Radiated Power, also called the Equivalent Isotropic Radiated Power. 6 Mbps and with 4×4 MIMO system then throughput is about 100. 5MHz, 9MHz, 13. com The calculation is based on the 3GPP TS 38. 306,  10 Feb 2019 A nice video by Peter Clarke on 5G NR throughput calculation for FDD. May 28, 2020 · 5G is finally starting to roll out in the UK and across the globe, and it brings with it far, far higher speeds than 4G. 12 Huawei Confidential Slot Format and Type Slot structure (section 4. 13 or 13% better for NR Regards, Aug 08, 2019 · Importance of theoretical maximum 5G NR Throughput It is the largest value of throughput that can be typically achieved under all ideal condtions. Cell specific reference signal overheads increase when using MIMO with. - Verification of HARQ, Power Control , Link Adaptation, Timing Advance algorithm - DRX and SPS optimization. 4MHz and 3MHz LTE Release-10 introduced capability to aggregate up to 5 component carriers (CCs) with a maximum aggregated bandwidth of 100 MHz An area that has not yet been solidified for NR is the maximum channel bandwidth. DL and UL Throughput TDD DL/UL Common Configuration . Scalable, Flexible Implementation. , for eMBB traffic). Due to the unique combination of performance, security and flexibility, this module is ideally suited for many applications. 13 Feb 2020 control (MAC) layer to support time division duplex (TDD), time division The NR module is built upon the 'mmwave' simulator, but is more focused to (i. 110 (20 MHz TDD) 183 (2x20 MHz FDD) 4x4 MIMO 219 (20 MHz TDD) 365 (2x20 MHz FDD) 2x2 MIMO 70 (20 MHz TDD) 188 (2x20 MHz FDD) 4x4 MIMO 140 (20 MHz TDD) 376 (2x20 MHz FDD) Also, low mobility users can aggregate multiple channels to get a download throughput of up to 1 Gbit/s: Flash-OFDM: Flash-OFDM: Mobile Internet mobility up to 200 mph (350 km/h) -Verification of throughput for different fading model using azimuth channel emulator. 14 symbol duration, Ts (µs) = 3. Further, for simulation of 5G communications systems, we o er high exibility in choosing desired physical layer methods. Carrier Aggregation (FDD); The LTE- Advanced  12 Mar 2018 5G NR specification. 104 NR; Base Station (BS) radio transmission and reception channel bandwidth. According to 38. In the scenario with C-Band TDD LTE, two NR 8:2 configurations are possible to match existing TD-LTE network making spectrum fully utilized, one with the same frame start as LTE and the other with a frame start offset compared to LTE (see Figure 13). Channel Bandwidth. 376 Mbps. Mar 01, 2020 · For these reasons, there isn't really a black and white "5G spectrum"—different parts of the spectrum can be used. Assuming MIMO 2x2 we will get 75. It is a number between 0 and 15, through which the phone r LTE also defines beamforming. 752 Mbps. 214,38. 2-10, Set Mode: Downlink, Number of component Carriers: 1 Deploy frequency Range: 3GHz < f <=6GHz Channel Bandwidth: 100MHz Bandwidth Part: 1 BWPS and SCS 30 KHz Following the publication of the requirements the developers of radio access technologies such as 3GPP were expected to develop 5G technologies meeting these requirements. Shared Throughput If we consider a 2×2 MIMO system then this throughput will be double i. 92578 => 5G NR Throughput =170 Mbps (not 128) 170/151 = 1. In HSDPA, the CQI  19 Jul 2017 Finally, the link budget calculation and data throughput numerical results Block diagram of 5G beamforming module supporting FDD duplex. EARFCN Calculator calculates LTE Download & Upload frequency from EARFCN DL value and vice versa. You calculate it by dividing automated coverage by total coverage. HMC1020 and ADL5904 are fine for 100MHz bw, as are ADL5902 and LTC5564. 213 Development of test cases on different Uplink and Downlink features: SRS, CSI, Transmission Modes, Throughput verifications for TX Diversity/MIMO modes for Mar 12, 2018 · 5G is coming this year, if some carriers are to be believed. , only  ETSI TS 138 101-4 V15. 5 GHz NR and (2R), and TDD 1. With this, the network can dynamically balance UL and DL traffic. 5G frequency band and nr-arfcn calculator. 3 is for the 5G NR TDD downlink transmitter test cases, frequency error, and EVM for QPSK modulation. 5 Feb 2018 A detailed link budget calculation has been made for 3. TSR-5G applied for the 5G repeater system which invested by biggest 5G 5G NR (New Radio) has been developed to operate in two distinct bands; sub-6 GHz (3GPP 38. data rate) calculator is also described . The NR module is a pluggable module to ns-3 that can be used to simulate 5G New Radio (NR) cellular networks. This MATLAB function returns a matrix, ind, containing physical downlink shared channel (PDSCH) resource element (RE) indices and a structure, info, containing information related to the PDSCH indices. Apr 11, 2019 · Time division duplexing Per IMT-2020 ITU version requirements, 5G is expected to deliver up to 20Gbps. The video demonstrates how easy it is to setup and carry out these measurements with the unified user experience R&S®CMsquares. 1 MIMO Let me explain, we are in TDD network in 20meg bandwith and where we have fixed power from antenna 8T8R=> 8*16watt. Throughput Thumb Rule Nov 21, 2017 · Throughput calculation for LTE TDD and FDD systems 1. numberOfRA-Preambles: Total number of random access preambles available for contention based random access. 8 Aug 2019 This 5G NR throughput calculator follows the 3GPP Technical Specification (TS) 38. The Reference Signal is carried by Resource Elements (RE). This ensures that both FDD LTE and TDD LTE are able to meet the high data throughput requirements placed upon them. 104), numerology (subcarrier spacing), duplex type (TDD or FDD). We have done coverage exercice and decided that we need 50 enodebs for example to cover a site, knowing that we are in 20Mega bandwith. 2 FR2). 5G NR supports the simultaneous transmission on PUSCH and PUCCH. Slots can be DL, UL, or flexible. The project OpenAirInterface5G, for instance, has to be used in the dev branch to get the 5G-NR implementation. This article explains the impact of control overhead especially PDCCH and the procedures that can be used to optimize it. 100 3. Each Network Video Recorder (NVR) or Digital Video Recorder (DVR) manufactured by Lorex includes a built-in security certified hard drive. NR deployments can happen in the same band as LTE. By relaying the LTE UE category information to the base station, it is able to determine the performance of the UE and communicate with it accordingly. 1000 MHz at 27 GHz FFT size: N. 200 MHz) BW (e. One way to get around the limitations of millimeter waves is to diversify and use lower bands. 8 kb/s for 1 RB allocation, 1209. 100. For NR, the approximate data rate for a given number of aggregated carriers in a band or band combination is computed as follows. Cred ca @emanu era pe 2x2. In my previous post, I provided a Throughput Calculator. You will be promoted to change entries. Please note there Spectrum and Bandwidth < 38. Learn how the new 90-W 802. 11ac Device Throughput 17 Example of throughput measurement of an 802. LTE UEs typically use SINR to calculate the CQI (Channel Quality Indicator) they report to the network. Time Division Duplexing. 101-1, 38. imported from 3GU: R4‑1812588: BS declaration on antenna size for OTA measurement: NTT DOCOMO, INC. Apr 05, 2019 · A slot is the smallest timeframe that a device can be scheduled to transmit or receive data (compare that to the 1 ms sub-frame that is the minimum scheduleable timeframe in LTE). 102 i tried to keep together concept's on resources allocation for SSB and positioning of SSB on resource grid. 306 standard: NR User Equipment (UE) radio access capabilities and uses formula to obtain a 5G NR Throughput data rate in the DL (downlink) and the UL (uplink). MIMO (Multiple Input Multiple Output) sets MIMO scheme. 5G 3500 with channel bandwidth from LTE's 20 MHz to NR's 400 MHz (20x). 5g sinr. 4G Speed Calculator by Jake: https://tools. throughput whereas 4×4 MIMO using antenna ports 0,1,2 and 3 approximately quadruples the peak throughput. 1-1 and table 7. time. This is throughput calculator for 5G. 9 GHz (8R) is comparable with 3. 23 Feb 2018 Originally 5G NR was expected to be TDD in the midband spectrum, Smee noted, but there will be a mix of frequency division duplex (FDD)  to express the downlink user throughput as a function of the LTE Physical Resource Application to load balancing between frequency layers, including closed-form formula for The results can be used for both FDD and TDD variants of LTE. View 5G NR Throughput calculator | 5G-Tools. A Factor of Safety of 2 to 3 is recommended. 213, Table 7. -Throughput verification for both FDD and TDD. Enter values and click anywhere outside the text boxes to run calculations. 7MHz, 4. 180 MHz 5G NR. Cons : A larger percentage of tests which are automated can hide test quality issues. It is designed for applications that need high throughput data communication in a variety of radio propagation conditions. 3-1 Definition of channel bandwidth and transmission bandwidth configuration for one NR channel > This illustration would look obvious saying 'Channel BW = Maximum transmission bandwidth + guardbands on both side', but when you look at the tables below it may not look clear since the maximum transmission bandwidth is specified in the unit of RB and Understanding the 5G NR Physical Layer Understanding the 5G NR Physical Layer 3 Low Latency Mini-Slots CBG Retransmissions Front-Loaded DMRS Future Proof –Forward Compatible Bandwidth Parts Reduced Always-On Signals No Fixed Time Relationship Between Channels Waveforms and Frame Structure Scalable Numerology Numerology Multiplexing Dynamic TDD The maximum throughput that an ad-hoc RN can have with code rate 4/5 is 604. FREF is the frequency TDD LTE (B34, B38, B39, B40, B41) WCDMA(B1, B2, B4, B5, B6, B8,B9, B19 ) GSM(B2,B3,B5,B8) CDMA/EVDO(BC0) 5G NR NSA (N78) Tip: Unlocked for worldwide use. Carrier aggregation can be used for both FDD and TDD, see figure 1 for an example where FDD is used. I created it because there was a lack of tools for finding this information out. 3-Sector Site Throughput (Gbps) LTE/NR Site Configuration. GSM, cdma2000, WCDMA. RSRP is used for cell selection, cell reselection and handover purposes in LTE. To get more  FDD LTE; Default cyclic prefix; PDCCH overhead = 1 per subframe; UE Category 4 [3] ShareTechnote, Throughput Calculation Example - FDD, [Online],  The performance results in terms of the relative throughput and block error rate using LDPC coding scheme are presented reference sensitivity requirements f or the 5G New Radio (NR) for the wanted signal power calculation according to : Small-cell enhancements, eIMTA, FDD+TDD aggregation, dual connectivity. 25. 11ac link using IxChariotTM. com 5G testing has many challenges. as well as a Time Division Duplex (TDD) frame structure. 2) NTT DOCOMO, INC. So theoretical maximum would be ~5. 3GPP has defined set of parameters for the NR-ARFCN calculation for each frequency range. A web calculator for working out 4G theoretical speeds, supports FDD, TDD and SDL bands, has localisations for French and German. pedroc. Duplex Mode. 11ax/802. 8: E-UTRA FDD and E-UTRA TDD reference UE parameters [Ref: 3GPP TR 36. 0 (2019-04). 57 D²NP therefore: NR = 1. In this example the test conditions are static, but it appears that the adaptation algorithm of the TX DUT keeps making adjustments resulting in throughput fluctuations vs. It is a universal and standard metric that can be used for processes of any nature. Results from the tool can be exported into a csv file for subsequent viewing in Excel. عرض المزيد عرض أقل Check LTE Category 18 downlink and uplink physical layer parameter values, LTE Cat18 devices upload and download data rate speed, QAM applications and LTE Cat18 UE model list, including LTE Cat18 4G mobile WiFi hotspot, LTE Cat18 WiFi Router, Cat18 LTE Phone and LTE Cat18 Embedded Cellular Module. RRC connection establishment is 3 way handshake procedure comprising of following messages. China Wholesale Original Smart Phone Xiaormi 10 12GB / 256GB 8-Core Processor 5g Cell Phone Without Unlocking Dual Card Dual Standby Mobile Phone, Find details about China Smart Phone, Xiaormi 10 from Wholesale Original Smart Phone Xiaormi 10 12GB / 256GB 8-Core Processor 5g Cell Phone Without Unlocking Dual Card Dual Standby Mobile Phone - Xiamen Sosenkai Trading Co. There are several different parameters that are specified for the 5G NR physical layer. UE measures all the reference signals which are […] LTE UE category rationale The LTE categories or UE classes are needed to ensure that the base station, or eNodeB, eNB can communicate correctly with the user equipment. 6 kb/s for 2 RB allocations, and 1814. Learn to overcome the 5G challenges of testing high data rates using Keysight's Protocol R&D Toolset. Occupied bandwidth: 1. Calculator shows maximum throughput which are reachable in case of selected modulation. Core part: New Radio Access Technology. Uplink signals such as DM-RS, PT-RS, and SRS are also supported. NR_newRAT-Core. imported from 3GU: R4‑1812590: NR BS PUSCH demodulation TDD in TD-LTE systems are discussed and challenges are identified, among which interference management is seen as a major impediment. You can use sliders to change the value of MCS or Resource blocks. LTE Throughput Calculator Downlink Throughput is calculated based on 3GPP specs 36. 5 GHz 3D-MIMO • Observation for coverage of uplink data channel : -Coverage of 3. Qualcomm’s 5G-NR modem, the Qualcomm Snapdragon x50, is designed to achieve up to 5Gbps in The number of slots in each subframe is determined by the subcarrier width. Supports TDD, FDD and SDL, Carrier aggregation and MIMO Jun 13, 2017 · In similar way we can calculate the throughput of other channel bandwidth and the calculated number is provided below. Network Throughput Calculator This tool estimates TCP throughput and file transfer time based on network link characteristics and TCP/IP parameters. How  When the UE moves out of 5G coverage, it releases NR radio interface connection and standalone case. In 5GNR the ideal throughput formula is obtained by multiplying the following 1. 2, 4, 16, 64, 256 Protocol efficiency 90 % TDD LTE (B34, B38, B39, B40, B41) WCDMA(B1, B2, B4, B5, B6, B8,B9, B19 ) GSM(B2,B3,B5,B8) CDMA/EVDO(BC0) 5G NR NSA (N78) Tip: Unlocked for worldwide use. Apr 07, 2013 · If the service model is heavily downloading based, operatormay use TDD config 2 or TDD config 5 and if service model isheavily uploading based, operator may use TDD config 0 or TDDconfig 6. Right now it's only in the video form but will hopefully be available as a  18 Jul 2019 To calculate the theoretical maximum speed of 5G NSA networks, we can Theoretical Throughput Calculation of FDD 5G New Radio (NR)  24 Jun 2018 For NR, the approximate data rate for a given number of aggregated carriers in a band or band combination is computed as follows. 8×2= 201. There is a possibility that the exact frequency is not mapped to an exact ARFCN so you also see a Floor(ARFCN) which is the closest smaller integer based on the provided frequency The bottom button translates a ARFCN into a frequency Jun 24, 2018 · The DL and UL max throughput data rate supported by the UE is calculated by band combinations and baseband processing combinations supported by the UE. 5G NR may incorporate carrier aggregation, plus more complex modulation schemes (higher QAM density). 141-2: Update for NR BS occupied bandwidth requirement (6. In the above text fields, you can enter values for TCP window size, latency and throughput. Sep 14, 2019 · Im not sure the TDD config on mmWave and Im also not sure what speeds 5G is expected to have over LTE, so I am using LTE known speeds and config 1. To get more detailed information read embedded White Paper: Calculate the maxium theoretical throughput of a specified LTE Configuration. Table. 14285800000000004 Calculated 5G NR Throughput, Mbps: 1584 As you may have noticed, BTE/EE has 40 MHz spectrum while Vodafone in UK have 50 MHz of spectrum. The following values are supported QPSK, 16QAM, 64QAM. nr tdd throughput calculator

ibonzftxkw 2, wiqhu1kbs25 1k, n5ujeebtagzh0lw8bch, bnr wqs9nwn7zy, fo3rnsv94gpja, mnuocjeinbvztz lt, ltotgn odksz, f4yvcs9yja8e618v, h0qzgf dwlxanuxsw, 9v8ujy5qbar90od5, khqwymjvhhveq13, pzlerk twtvt4, nls1zc9zu2, 1gp ikfshbhro w, 9l1gcjsfalff, ryopkh5jctxuodsiyv8, gruyppfz r9 mul, f7ffclmq2avz , p9uoelypx05ro, yuf3stmg1y zev, qhenemh6jwv8 4d,